Община Варна - култура и изкуство
Candidature of Varna for European Capital of Culture
It was launched on 13 June 1985 by the Greek minister of culture, the famous actress and singer, Melina Mercouri. Initially, the initiative was called European City of Culture in a special motion of the Council of Ministers of the Union.

The official document stated that the European City of Culture was to present a culture which in its historical roots and contemporary development was characterized both by common elements and a heritage which had been due to differences.


Bulgaria’s European Capital of Culture
In 2019, a Bulgarian city and a Italian city will be the European Capitals of Culture. The designation procedures are described in Decision No 1622 of 24 October 2006 by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union.

The applications are assessed by a special commission of 13 members. Seven of them are from European institutions and six are appointed by the applicant-country.



Libraries, Museums and Galleries

The Roman Baths (Thermae)

9000 Varna, San Stefano and Han Krum Str.

Located in the Southeastern part of modern Varna, the Roman baths (in Latin thermae). The baths were built upon more than 7000 sq.m. and used to be the largest antic public building in Bulgaria. The architectural style and some discovered coins provide information that the construction work took place in the end of the second - beginning of the third century AC. They were in use until the end of 3rd c. AD. The impressive construction, the perfect performance of the bright architectural concept, the rich decoration determine the Thermal complex as an important monument of the ancient architecture in the Bulgarian lands. They are witness of the cultural and economic blossom of the city in the 2nd and 3rd cc. of its wealth and prosperity. The baths in Odessos are among the biggest ones in the European part of the Rome Empire.  They resemble to the well known baths, built in Rome by the emperors Caracala and Diocletian and witness that Odessos was an important center in the Roman provinces on the Balkans. The baths give an idea about the architectural image of the city ant the artifacts from the excavations reveal the daily life of its citizens. The relatively short existence of the baths could be explained by the the social and political crisis from 3rd century which caused damages in the Roman Empire and Odessos, as a part of it. The maintenance of the baths became very expensive and they gradually left without good care. The stone material and decorative elements were taken and used for the construction of other buildings, including the small baths of Odessos from 4th century.

For contacts:
9000 Varna
San Stefano and Han Krum Str.
Anna Haralambieva
tel.: +359 52/600 059

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